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Different types of seniors’ residences in Québec

Private residences for seniors, independent living, assisted living, or private residences for seniors with cognitive losses, intermediate resources, long-term care centers, etc. The housing options for seniors are diverse. But Visavie is there to guide you towards the right residence for you or your loved one!

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Different types of seniors’ residences in Québec

Are you currently looking for a seniors’ residence for you or someone in your family ? Then you probably already noticed that there are several different housing options for seniors in Quebec. Whether planning to find a comfortable living environment for your own retirement, or a safe location for an elderly parent requiring daily assistance, many alternatives exist : private seniors’ residences, intermediate resources, CHSLDs. Each category of accommodation offers different services, adapted to the level of care required by each individual. In order to find which type of seniors’ residences is best for you, let’s take a look at all these solutions.

Private seniors’ residence

Also known as RPAs, because of their appellation in French, private seniors’ residences represent a popular option for many elderly people throughout the province. But do you know what exactly is a private residence for seniors ? By definition, they are described as multi-unit living facilities, intended for people 65 years of age and older. These privately managed establishments offer living spaces to their residents in exchange for a monthly rent payment. Beyond providing a comfortable living environment, private seniors’ residences also offer a diversity of complementary services. The choice of services is adjusted to each senior’s individual needs and preferences.

Independent Living Seniors’ Residences

For autonomous seniors, private retirement homes represent the perfect option to enjoy a fun, stimulating and stress-free environment to fully appreciate their retirement lifestyle

Even if these facilities offer their residents a maximum of independence, some services are still available, if needed, to improve the well-being of every senior :

  • Meal preparation assistance or dining facilities ;
  • Social activities ; 
  • Transportation services ;
  • Housekeeping / home maintenance ;
  • And much more services, regarding the specific needs of independent seniors.


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Assisted Living Private Seniors’ Residences

For most elderly people, it is important to stay independent for as long as possible. But sometimes, due to specific health conditions, a certain level of care or assistance to the person may become a necessity. If the needs are about 1 to 2 hours per day, then private residences for semi-independent seniors represent a good solution to consider.

This type of senior’s housing is therefore an ideal option for a senior with partial autonomy, who still desires to enjoy the benefits of living in a secure environment, while also continuing to fully enjoy life through a variety of daily activities. The services offered in these semi-autonomous private residences are numerous : 

  • Meal assistance ;
  • Help with housekeeping and daily tasks ; 
  • Nursing or medical care ;
  • Personal assistance services ;
  • Activities and leisure ;
  • Etc.

For further information about independent or semi-independent residences for seniors, feel free to ask our Visavie counselors for assistance. Our caring advisors are always attentive to your needs and can help you find the senior’s residence that is best suited to your particular situation.


Résidences privées pour aînés


Continuing Care Seniors’ Residences : another housing option in Quebec

To identify current needs is already a challenging task alone. Planning for future needs is certainly not easier. In those circumstances, continuing care residences can represent a great alternative. 

All in the same community, this continuum of care retirement homes can accommodate independent residents, seniors with a loss of autonomy, non-sufficient elderly, or even offer palliative care for seniors in end-of-life. So, even if the needs of your elderly parents change over time, it is possible for your loved one to continue to evolve in the same living environment, without having to move from one place to another. 


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Private Residences for Seniors with Cognitive Losses

Among all the different types of private seniors’ residences, some facilities specialize in the care of older adults with cognitive and memory issues.

If a parent or other elderly relative is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s or any other form of dementia, a private residence for seniors with cognitive loss may be the ideal environment to ensure their safety and well-being. In those establishments, residents can expect to receive the proper care from the medical team and the nursing staff on site. All this, in a safe and reassuring environment. 

Feeling concerned about this subject ? We invite you to read our article about dementia in the elderly population. A better understanding of this reality can help you accompany your loved one.

Intermediate Resource

Somewhere between private residences and CHSLDs, it is possible to consider the option of moving into Intermediate Resources establishments. The particularity of these senior residences is that they are both publicly and privately managed. However, the quality of care and the admission process both remain under the control of the public system, more specifically through the integrated health and social services centres (CISSS) and integrated university health and social services centres (CIUSSS) located in your area. 

Typically, intermediate resources are intended for seniors with a mild to moderate loss of autonomy. This solution is therefore a great option for seniors who need some care and assistance on a daily basis, for about 2-3 hours per day


CHSLD pour aînés au Québec


Long-Term Care Centre (CHSLD)

Commonly known as CHSLDs, because of the French acronym, long-term care homes are intended for elderly people with a decrease in their functional autonomy, both on a physical and psychological level. The residents of these nursing homes usually require more than 3 hours of assistance and care per day.

There are three different variations : public, private funded and private non funded. All of these facilities offer their residents continuous care, in addition to supervision and security systems to ensure a safe living environment.

Private unfunded long-term care facility

While looking for a well-adapted residence to meet the growing needs of your elderly parent, you may notice the alternative of a private, non-contracted CHSLD. But what is the difference between such a place and other long-term care facilities? Actually, the only difference is that unfunded private CHSLDs are in fact administered entirely by the private sector. This way, the owner of the site has the freedom to set the pricing and to control admission.

However, even in such centers, it is important to mention that the quality of care remains under the supervision of the CISSS of the region, which ensures that all seniors can benefit from a comfortable environment allowing them to continue to live with dignity.

Private funded long-term care home

A private CHSLD under agreement has the particularity of benefiting from a partnership between the private and public sectors. This means that there is a private individual who owns the health care facility in question, but this person is also in relation with the public system through a specific agreement. Admission procedures are therefore under the management of the regional CISSS and prices are set by the RAMQ.

Public CHSLDs

Finally, there is the housing alternative of a public long-term care center. Essentially, the concept is similar to the one of private long-term care homes, with the only difference that a public CHSLD belongs 100% to the Government, including the actual building. Subsidies and management are therefore under the complete control of the public system.

Whether public or private, funded or not, all long-term care centers (CHSLDs) fulfill the same role. They offer Quebec seniors a safe living environment in which they can receive the appropriate ongoing care, according to each individual’s needs.

Choosing the best type of seniors’ residence for your needs

With such a variety of senior housing options, choosing the right residence can be difficult. When retirement is near, or when an elderly relative needs to move into a residence, making the right decision can be stressful. To help in this transition to a retirement home, it is important to have the right information and support. Whenever possible, it is a good idea to consider asking for help from family relatives or friends you can rely on.

Also, remember that professional housing advisors can assist you in this important stage of your life. If you need help, please feel free to contact them

Visavie’s counselors are available, 24/7, to offer you the appropriate support you may need. With kindness and compassion, Visavie‘s advisors will guide you through each of the steps. Making sure you will find the best seniors’ residence according to your needs, or those of the elderly person you care about.